Sea turtles are endangered in the Red Sea and worldwide.
Sea Turtles are reptiles with lungs breathe and they should rise to the surface. Turtles caught in the meshes fishermen can not get to breathe and drown. Another reason and a major extinction is plastic bags. Horny kind of sea turtles, the most common in the Red Sea, feed primarily on mollusks and sponges. Jellyfish are included in this menu. Plastic bags drifting sea turtles look like jellyfish, they eat them and choke. Some swallow the bag which inflates them in the stomach and makes them feel satisfied and so the turtles are dying of hunger on a “full stomach” bags.
In light of these data, from the Underwater Observatory Marine Park Project breeding turtles and returning to nature.
Our male spring “Zechariah” violates the females and after two months they are on the sandy island in the center of the pool and serves as a surface imposing eggs where they dig a pit with their hind limbs and lay into him about 30 to 80 eggs. At the end of spawning females cover the puppeteer in the sand and return to water. Sand and sun are the ones that actually perform the incubation process as a natural incubator. Within a few weeks (about two months) eggs will hatch and baby turtles out of which the size of a matchbox, and weigh about 15 grams. Almost all animals can eat them at this stage, they will run wild and eaten by the waves foaming by birds, crabs and larger fish. Just one of the turtles came of age in the wild!
Here, the Underwater Observatory Park, once we collect the hatching baby turtles and grown in the ponds behind the scenes.
Each turtle gets three meals a day (the food given to them with tweezers) in addition to food turtles receive intensive treatment of measuring and weighing. So we brought them up to the age of one year and then transfer them to the “nursery” (pool adjacent to pool the adult turtles) and at two years to “kindergarten” turtle pool.
And at age 3 when they are already strong and solid armor and have a chance to survive in nature we release them into the open sea in the Gulf Sea.
Underwater Observatory Marine Park Eilat is one in the world which managed to breed this species in captivity. Success comes from learning and implementing environmental conditions at all stages of reproduction of these turtles.